THE SOLAR SYSTEM IN OCTOBER 2019
Dates and times shown are NZDT (UT + 13 hours). Rise and Set times are for Wellington. They will vary by a few minutes elsewhere in NZ. Data is adapted from that shown by GUIDE 9.
THE SUN and PLANETS in OCTOBER 2019, Rise & Set, Mag. & Cons. OCTOBER 1 NZDT OCTOBER 31 NZDT Mag Cons Rise Set Mag Cons Rise Set SUN -26.7 Vir 6.54am 7.28pm -26.7 Vir 6.07am 8.02pm Merc -0.2 Vir 7.35am 9.07pm 0.4 Lib 6.53am 9.52pm Venus -3.9 Vir 7.30am 8.31pm -3.8 Lib 7.06am 9.47pm Mars 1.8 Vir 6.36am 6.35pm .1.8 Vir 5.21am 6.16pm Jup -2.0 Oph 10.20am 1.22am -1.9 Oph 8.41am 11.47pm Sat 0.5 Sgr 12.12pm 3.13am 0.6 Sgr 10.20am 1.20am Uran 5.7 Ari 9.36pm 8.13am 5.7 Ari 7.32pm 6.12am Nep 7.8 Aqr 5.28pm 6.20am 7.8 Aqr 3.26pm 4.20am Pluto 14.5 Sgr 12.41pm 3.41am 14.5 Sgr 10.44am 1.44am OCTOBER 1 NZDT OCTOBER 31 NZDT Twilights morning evening morning evening Civil: start 6.29am, end 7.54pm start 5.40am, end 8.30pm Nautical: start 5.56am, end 8.26pm start 5.04am, end 9.06pm Astro: start 5.22am, end 9.00pm start 4.26am, end 9.45pm OCTOBER PHASES OF THE MOON, times NZDT & UT First quarter: Oct 6 at 5.47am (Oct 5, 16:47 UT). Full Moon: Oct 14 at 10.08am (Oct 13, 21:08 UT) Last quarter Oct 22 at 1.39am (Oct 21, 12:39 UT) New Moon: Oct 28 at 4.39pm (03:39 UT)
PLANETS in OCTOBER 2019
MERCURY and VENUS are evening objects, by the 31st they set about 5 minutes apart. Mercury is at its greatest elongation, 25° east of the Sun on the 20th. Subsequently its easterly motion slows allowing Venus to catch up with it. The two planets are 2.6° apart on the 31st. Mercury will be to the left of the brighter planet and slightly higher. The two will be rather low, about 9° above the horizon at 8.50 pm.
On the 30th, the crescent moon, only 6% lit, will be about 9° to the upper right of the planets.
JUPITER is also an evening planet. On the 31st it sets 2 hours after Venus. Earlier that evening the moon is about 5° below Jupiter. The moon is also a few degrees from Jupiter on the evenings of October 3 and 4.
SATURN is an evening object setting after midnight. This month's lunar occultation on the 6th is visible from parts of southern Africa and the south-eastern Atlantic Ocean.
PLUTO, like Saturn, is in Sagittarius, the two planets are 5.5° apart at the end of the month.
MARS is a nominal morning object but, even by the end of the month, rises only 45 minutes before the Sun.
URANUS is at opposition on the 28th, so becomes observable all night.
NEPTUNE is in Aquarius well placed for viewing in the evening.
POSSIBLE BINOCULAR ASTEROIDS in OCTOBER OCTOBER 1 NZDT OCTOBER 30 NZDT Mag Cons transit Mag Cons transit (1) Ceres 9.1 Oph 5.33pm 9.2 Oph 4.19pm (4) Vesta 7.2 Tau 4.30am 6.7 Tau 2.14am (9) Metis 9.3 Cet 3.10am 8.7 Psc 12.46am (15) Eunomia 9.1 Aqr 9.31pm 9.5 Aqr 7.49pm (29) Amphitrite 9.0 Psc 2.00am 9.2 Psc 11.34pm
CERES overtakes Jupiter in Ophiuchus about October 24. For a few nights the two are just under 3° apart with Ceres to the left of Jupiter in the early evening sky.
VESTA brightens in Taurus and is best seen as a morning object, although it will rise a little before 9pm by the 30th.
METIS is at opposition on the 26th with a magnitude 8.6 making it the second brightest asteroid. It crosses from Cetus to Pisces on the 26th.
EUNOMIA is an evening object in Aquarius.
AMPHITRITE in Pisces, is at opposition on October 12 at magnitude 8.7.