THE SOLAR SYSTEM IN AUGUST 2019
Dates and times shown are NZST (UT + 12 hours). Rise and Set times are for Wellington. They will vary by a few minutes elsewhere in NZ. Data is adapted from that shown by GUIDE 9.
THE SUN and PLANETS in AUGUST 2019, Rise & Set, Mag. & Cons. August 1 NZST August 31 NZST Mag Cons Rise Set Mag Cons Rise Set SUN -26.7 Cnc 7.27am 5.27pm -26.7 Leo 6.46am 5.57pm Merc 1.9 Gem 6.21am 4.19pm -1.8 Leo 6.46am 5.33pm Venus -3.9 Cnc 7.21am 5.05pm -3.9 Leo 7.05am 6.17pm Mars 1.8 Leo 8.04am 6.17pm .1.7 Leo 6.55am 5.57pm Jup -2.4 Oph 1.07pm 4.16am -2.2 Oph 11.10am 2.08am Sat 0.3 Sgr 3.20pm 6.18am 0.3 Sgr 1.15pm 4.15am Uran 5.8 Ari 12.41am 11.15am 5.7 Ari 10.42pm 9.17am Nep 7.8 Aqr 8.35pm 9.23am 7.8 Aqr 6.34pm 7.24am Pluto 14.4 Sgr 3.46pm 6.43am 14.4 Sgr 1.45pm 4.43am August 1 NZST August 31 NZST Twilights morning evening morning evening Civil: start 7.00am, end 5.55pm start 6.21am, end 6.23pm Nautical: start 6.27am, end 6.28pm start 5.49am, end 6.55pm Astro: start 5.54am, end 7.01pm start 5.17am, end 7.27pm AUGUST PHASES OF THE MOON, times NZST (& UT) New moon: Aug..1 at 3.12pm (03:12 UT) First quarter: Aug 8 at 5.31am (Aug 7, 17:31 UT). Full Moon: Aug 16 at 12.29am (Aug 15, 12:29 UT) Last quarter Aug 24 at 2.56am (Aug 23, 14:56 UT) New Moon: Aug 30 at 10:37pm (10:37 UT)
PLANETS in August 2019
MERCURY, VENUS and MARS: during the last 8 days of August the three terrestrial planets are all in Leo - with the Sun (see table above). Not surprisingly, the three planets are unobservable during August. On the 30th they are joined by the New Moon with all three planets at conjunction with our satellite during the 24 hours. Again, an unobservable event.
Remembering that this is as viewed from the Earth, it means that there is effectively a line up of all 4 inner planets and Sun.
JUPITER and SATURN meanwhile are visible much of the night rising well before the time of Sunset and setting after midnight. Jupiter is stationary of the 11th when it will be just under 7° from Antares.
This month's lunar occultation of Saturn is on the 12th. It is visible from most of the North Island but is a miss from the South Island. The southern limit grazing occultation of Saturn occurs along a west to east band which includes Carteron and Masterton. The extreme outer edge is at Greytown where Saturn only just touches the moon. Further north increasing amounts of Saturn are hidden until the latitude of Otaki from where Saturn is, briefly, fully obscured The duration of the occultation increases the further north one goes, more than an hour at North Cape.
Predictions of the times of the occultation for a number of places in the North Island and Eastern Australia are available on the Occultation Section web site
PLUTO is close behind Saturn, rising and setting half an hour later.
URANUS remains a morning object in Aries.
NEPTUNE, is in Aquarius. By the end of August it is in the sky most of the night.
BRIGHTEST ASTEROIDS in AUGUST, mag. const. time of transit AUGUST 1 NZDT AUGUST 31 NZST Mag Cons transit Mag Cons transit (1) Ceres 8.4 Lib 7.38am 8.9 Sco 5.59pm (4) Vesta 8.1 Ari 6.54am 7.7 Tau 5.24am (15) Eunomia 8.5 Aqr 1.12am 8.5 Aqr..10.45pm
CERES moves into Scorpius on the 1st. It passes between the second magnitude stars delta and beta Sco midmonth and ends August just over 5° from Antares and 9° from Jupiter.
VESTA is in the morning sky, rising at 1.30 am on the 1st and at midnight on the 31st. It moves into Taurus on the 11th.
EUNOMIA is at opposition on August 12 with a magnitude 8.2. It will then be in the sky most of the night.